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Curiosities

Canarian flora has got a predominantly Mediterranean origin considering as very important as well plants originated from Africa.
Some of these plants are world-famous as the Canarian palm (Phoenix Canariensis) and the Canarian Pine Grove (Pinus Canariensis). Others lesser-known yet very bright are: the Canarian cardón (Euphorbia Canariensis), the bamboos and “veroles”from Aeonium’s genus, the “tajinaste” from Echium’s genus, the houseleeks from Limonium’s genus, or the batatilla bracken (Davalia Canariensis).

The Canarian archipelago together with the Azores, Madeira, Wild and Cape Verde archipelagos as well as an area from the African Coast nearby Canarias form the Macaronesical Area, sharing more than a 120 species of endemic plants, one of these is the famous Dragon Tree (Dracaena draco).

Canarian flora is formed by some 2.200 species of vascular plants. Among these 2.200 species about 600 are endemic “taxones” in the Canary islands, which converts the Canarian archipelago into a Hot Spot of biodiversity.

Gran Canaria’s island, a real continent in miniature for its numerous microclimates, counts in 93 species island endemic plants, shared in various habitats and distributed in floors of vegetation from the coast up to the summit , about 2.000 meters high:

  • Coastal area, steep and stony coasts.
  • Ravines, cliffs and slopes.
  • Arid areas, and dunes.
  • Cadonal- tabaibal.
  • Thermopile wood.
  • Laurel forest.
  • Fayal- heath.
  • Pine Groove.
  • Summits and Broom-codesar.
 
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